In Dialectical Behaviour Therapy (DBT) we use often the concepts of mind states, specifically "Rational Mind", "Emotional Mind" and "Wise Mind".
One of the central dialectics in DBT is the interaction of Rational Mind and Emotional Mind.
The rational mind seeks solutions to problems, and thrives on finding absolute truths and universal
experiences. Conversely, the emotional mind rejects rules and acts on emotional impulse. One's emotional mind helps us to pursue passions or avoid discomfort, and while these actions may brieng relief in the short term, they can be destructive in the long run.
Both our emotional and rational minds are vital to our psychological health, which is why we are all equipped with both. If we weren't passionate about things, we would be unaffected when bad things happened to us, we wouldn't protect our loved ones, we would have no preference for one thing over another, and essentially, we wouldn't be who we are.
If we weren't equipped with a rational mind, we would be a frantic, emotional whirl, pursuing every impulse without concern for consequence.
Though these two forces are sometimes at odds, they have to somehow come up some solution that satisfies both for us to achieve a well-balanced life.
If permitted, intellect and emotion can co-exist, even though they are fundamentally opposed; they just need to reach a synthesis, a solution that grows out of this contradiction, and DBT refers to this synthesis as Wise Mind.
Wise Mind incorporates intuition into this equation, which allows people to behave reasonably with regard to emotionally intense experiences. Wise Mind allows us to see and experience events calmly, which allows for awareness of the whole picture.
Fostering Wise Mind can lead to emotional regulation, which simply means developting the ability to deal effectively with our emotions.